In 2015, the European Commission (EC) officially introduced a seven percent cap on food based biofuels thus limiting future production of these first generation or conventional biofuels and ensuring that only the most efficient plants will continue operating. Meanwhile, incentives to encourage second generation or advanced biofuels, such as the production of hydrogenated vegetable oils (HVO) have been very successful. The commercialization of cellulosic ethanol is lagging behind compared to the development of HVO. Imports of biomass, in particular wood pellets for heating and power, are surging.

EU-28: EU Biofuels Annual