Poland is an increasingly important market for U.S. food and agriculture. However, official U.S. trade data do not entirely capture the scope of U.S. food and agricultural exports bounds for the Polish market. Moreover, these data are not a reliable indicator of Polish demand for U.S. products, which may lead some U.S. exporters and/or USDA Cooperators to undervalue Poland as an export market. This dynamic becomes evident when comparing trade data from the Global Agricultural Trade System (GATS) and the Global Trade Atlas (GTA). GATS only measures U.S. exports to ports of disembarkation. GTA data, which reflect Polish Customs data, measures imports based on country of origin.