U.S. Biofuels Exports in 2021

Total Export Value
$3.46 Billion
3-Year Average
$2.95 Billion
Compound Average Growth
3.6% (2012-2021)

In 2020, U.S. ethanol exports totaled 1.3 billion gallons valued at $2.3 billion. This volume was 9 percent lower than 2019 due to reduced demand for fuel use, and 20 percent below the record 1.7 billion gallons shipped in 2018. Year-over-year value fell only 1 percent due to higher prices for fuel ethanol and increased shipments of higher-value, medical-grade ethanol.

U.S. fuel ethanol to Brazil saw the largest absolute decline in 2020, due to Brazil’s COVID-19 impacted fuel market and a 40-percent depreciation in Brazil’s currency. Brazil’s 20 percent import duty continued to impact the market. Export volumes were also lower than expected to other fuel markets in 2020, most notably the Philippines, Colombia, and Peru. Sales to Canada held mostly steady as U.S. suppliers backfilled Canada’s increased sales to Europe. By contrast, U.S. fuel ethanol sales to mainland China rose from zero to 21.2 million gallons. Sales to Hong Kong added 10.5 million gallons.

Differing from fuel ethanol markets and driven by demand for hand sanitizer, U.S. exports of other industrial and consumer ethanol rose, most notably to Mexico (up $67 million) and Nigeria (up $25 million). For the remaining top 10 markets, ethanol sales rose to the EU27+UK on strong demand for hand sanitizer and high local fuel ethanol prices, industrial ethanol sales to India inched higher to a record $312 million, and industrial ethanol sales to South Korea dropped as China covered South Korea’s demand for medical-grade product.

More information from the 2020 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook

Top 10 Markets for Biofuels in 2021

Market Total Value (USD)
Canada $1.66 Billion
South Korea $343.14 Million
India $267.07 Million
European Union $210.33 Million
China $155.72 Million
Brazil $153.55 Million
Peru $119.46 Million
Mexico $106.66 Million
United Kingdom $102.36 Million
Colombia $88.51 Million
Top 10 Biofuels Export Markets 2012 - 2021
Annual Biofuels Exports 2012 - 2021

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Data and Analysis

Attaché Report (GAIN)

Thailand: Biofuels Annual

Thailand doubled its target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in COP26. The Thai government has yet to finalize the new biofuel consumption targets. Biofuel consumption in 2021 and 2022 is still far below current targets due to the prolonged outbreak of COVID-19 and the slow economic recovery after the pandemic caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

India: Biofuels Annual

India’s average ethanol blending rate with petroleum for calendar year 2022 is estimated at 9.3 percent. India’s position as a structural surplus sugar producer and gradual utilization of alternative feedstocks will drive supply, while a 35 percent increase in offtakes by parastatal oil marketing companies for ethanol blending will drive demand.
On April 22, 2022, Japan launched a public-private partnership to facilitate the introduction of an international competitive supply chain for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).

News and Features

The American agricultural industry posted its highest annual export levels ever recorded in 2021, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack announced today.
On the first-ever FAS trade mission to Brazil, 22 U.S. companies and farm groups made great headway to expand their agricultural exports and develop their business relationships in Recife and São Paulo. Over the course of five days, as a result of...
Contact: Krissy Young (202) 720-7400 WASHINGTON, Sept. 21, 2017 – During a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) trade mission to São Paulo and Recife, Brazil, Sept. 25-29, leaders from 24 U.S. agribusinesses and trade organizations will explore...

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