U.S. Trade with Canada in 2021

Export Market Rank
#2 Among U.S. Agricultural Export Markets
Total Export Value
$29.71 Billion
3-Year Average
$26.84 Billion
Compound Average Growth
1.6% (2012-2021)
Total Export Value 2012 - 2021
Export Value by Commodity 2021

Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada and the United States eliminated all tariffs and quantitative restrictions on agricultural goods and strengthened scientific ties to eradicate diseases and pests, conduct research, and enhance conservation. The U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which entered into force in 2020, further strengthens the United States’ highly productive and integrated agricultural relationship with Canada and creates new export opportunities for U.S. agriculture.

Top 10 Exports to Canada in 2021

Commodity Total Value (USD) Total Volume (Metric Tons) 10-Year Average Value (USD) 10-Year Growth
Forest Products $2.43 Billion --- $2.11 Billion 11%
Baked Goods $2.31 Billion 886,179 $2.16 Billion 16%
Fresh Vegetables $1.99 Billion 1.63 Million $1.87 Billion 22%
Fresh Fruit $1.74 Billion 917,426 $1.66 Billion -3%
Fish and Seafood $1.33 Billion 201,195 $1.06 Billion 33%
Food Preparations $1.22 Billion 282,961 $992.94 Million 41%
Non-Alcoholic Bev. (ex. juices) $1.18 Billion 202,257 $1.32 Billion -18%
Ethanol (non-bev.) $1.02 Billion --- $698.38 Million 36%
Dog & Cat Food $976.81 Million 412,673 $685.61 Million 73%
Pork & Pork Products $952.86 Million 219,813 $834.39 Million 11%

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Data and Analysis

International Agricultural Trade Report

Opportunities for Expanding U.S. Pet Food Exports to Canada

Canada is the United States’ largest export market for pet food, specifically dog and cat food, and the third-largest export destination for all U.S. agricultural products. Canada is also the largest U.S. export market for high-value consumer-oriented products due to proximity, refined transportation logistics, a free trade agreement, and a science-based regulatory environment.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Canada: Fresh Deciduous Fruit Annual

Canadian apple production is forecast to grow four percent for market year (MY) 2022/23, as production rebounds in Ontario and Quebec following adverse growing conditions in MY 2021/22. Pear production is forecast to grow on a bumper crop in Ontario, especially of the Bartlett variety.
The federal government announced that dairy, poultry and egg farmers and processors will receive CAD $1.7 billion dollars in compensation for impacts of the United States-Canada-Mexico Agreement (USMCA). This funding will be disbursed over six years, as direct payments and various investment programs, with the largest share going to the dairy sector.

News and Features

Australia, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, the Republic of Korea, and the United States issued a joint statement following the conclusion of the 2022 APEC Food Security Ministers Meeting hosted by Thailand.
The United States is, for the second time, requesting dispute settlement consultations with Canada under the USMCA to address dairy restrictions by Canada that are contrary to its USMCA commitments.
The American agricultural industry posted its highest annual export levels ever recorded in 2021, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack announced today.

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