Beef and Cattle

In 2019, the value of U.S. beef and beef product exports to the world shrank by 3 percent from the prior year record to $8.1 billion, the second highest level ever. The top three markets, accounting for 61 percent of sales, were Japan, South Korea, and Mexico, at $2 billion, $1.8 billion, and $1.1 billion, respectively. Lower year-over-year exports were driven by a decline in shipments to Japan, Hong Kong and Canada. With the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) going into effect in late-2018, the United States began facing a competitive disadvantage in Japan, its top export market, and lost market share to Canada, New Zealand, and Mexico. Furthermore, tariff and non-tariff barriers in the Chinese market prevented the United States from capitalizing on increased Chinese demand. Despite a year-over-year increase in shipments to China, U.S. market share in China is less than 1 percent. Overall, exports accounted for 11 percent of U.S. domestic production. The United States was the world’s largest beef producer, second-largest importer, and fourth-largest exporter by volume in 2019.

More information from the 2019 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook

USDA's latest official data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade in livestock, can be found in the Livestock and Poultry: World Markets and Trade report.

Data & Analysis

April 15, 2021
Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, in 2020, the Spanish meat sector overcame initial disruptions and worked at normal capacity to satisfy domestic and export demand.
April 9, 2021
This quarterly report includes data on U.S. and global trade, production, consumption and stocks, as well as analysis of developments affecting world trade...
April 5, 2021
The 2020 U.S. Agricultural Export Yearbook provides a statistical summary of U.S. agricultural commodity exports to the world and the United States’ primary trading partners.
April 1, 2021
Russia notified the World Trade Organization (WTO) of draft amendments to the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) veterinary regulations regarding some dairy products and feed additives...