The political and economic turbulences of recent years resulted in notable decrease in domestic red meat demand. Consumers turned toward cheaper poultry products. Live cattle exports skyrocketed and will grow in 2018. Beef exports will remain significant, but flat due to lack of export capacity and competition with live cattle exports. Pork imports resumed in late 2017 due to slow demand recovery, but are expected to remain low in 2018. Ukraine is likely to see an insignificant decrease to its cattle herd numbers. Swine inventory is likely to recover toward the year-end of 2018. Pork production will be low due to the low animal inventory in 2017.