Pakistan continues to make significant progress towards implementing a full-fledged biotechnology and seed regulatory structure that is expected to facilitate the introduction of new seed technologies. The 2005 Federal Biosafety Rules, which approve applications to introduce new technologies, resumed operation in 2016 after a four-year hiatus and continued into 2017. New seed rules were introduced in 2016 that will facilitate private involvement in the sector and rules are currently being drafted for an intellectual property regulation. Pakistan’s participation in commercial biotechnology has been limited to two now-dated cotton events that were introduced informally a number of years ago. Pakistan is a significant importer, exporter and producer (cotton) of biotechnology crops.