Germany is the fourth largest wine producer in the European Union after France, Italy, and Spain. German wine production from the 2019 harvest for marketing in CY 2020 is estimated at 8.4 million hectoliters, 19 percent below the previous year and four percent below the ten-year average. Despite its high domestic production, Germany is the world’s largest importer of wine, on a volume basis. On a value basis, Germany ranks third after the United States and the United Kingdom. In 2019, Germany imported 1.46 billion liters of wine at a value of 2.88 billion USD, a year-on-year reduction of 0.6 and nine percent respectively. Imports from the United States increased by 18 percent in volume and eight percent in value and amounted to 29.6 million liters at a value of 49 million USD. By volume, Germany was the fifth largest destination for U.S. wine exports after the UK, Canada, Belgium, and Japan.