EU-28: Biofuels Annual

The EU set a 10 percent target for renewable energy use in transport for 2020, and raised the target to 14 percent in 2030, with advanced biofuels counting double to the target. Taking double-counting into account, biofuels accounted for 7.1 percent of energy use in transport in 2018 and are forecast to increase to 7.3 percent in 2019, mainly supported by elevated imports. Further increase for 2019 is hampered by lagging domestic production of biodiesel in particular. The EU agreed to a seven percent cap for food-based biofuels, which is forecast at 4.6 percent in 2019. For advanced, nonfood based biofuels, the EU set a climbing target of 0.2 percent in 2022 reaching 3.5 percent in 2030. Use of such advanced biofuels, made mostly from agricultural, forestry and municipal waste, is estimated at currently 0.2 percent and forecast to rise mainly based on tall oil. The EU set a limit of 1.7 percent by 2030 for advanced biofuels produced with waste fats and oils. The blending of these biofuels is estimated at currently one percent. The EU market for wood pellets is expected to continue its growth path during 2019, but further expansion could be limited by individual Member State sustainability requirements.

EU-28: Biofuels Annual