Egypt has long been one of the leading buyers of U.S. beef offal, primarily liver. Shipments of U.S. liver to Egypt decreased to 54,000 MT in 2018, as high inflation and other factors changed Egyptian consumption patterns. The United States accounted for 82 percent of Egypt’s liver imports from all sources in 2018, down from 89 percent in 2017. In recent months, retail prices of frozen liver have increased sharply, though overall inflation is slowing. These price increases may be associated with policy changes impacting halal certification procedures effective May 1, 2019. See GAIN EG19007 for more details on the policy change.