Canada has had a federal mandate requiring five percent of the national gasoline pool to be renewable (ethanol) and two percent renewable content in diesel fuel. In addition, many provinces have equivalent or higher provincial mandates, including a five percent renewable content mandate in Ontario, 7.5 percent in Saskatchewan, and 8.5 percent in Manitoba. Ethanol production in Canada is estimated to increase by 1.5 percent in 2016 to 1.75 billion liters up from 2015 levels of 1.725 billion liters. To meet the blend mandate Canada requires over 2 billion liters of fuel grade ethanol. Canada is estimated to import 1 billion liters of ethanol in 2016 and 2017, nearly 100 percent originating from the United States. Canada’s biodiesel production is estimated to reach 400 million liters in 2016 and forecast to reach 550 million liters in 2017, but is still below the level needed to meet the federal mandate thus requiring imports.