Bosnia and Herzegovina recently started adopting regulations that govern biotech products. The 2009 Law on Genetically Modified Organisms set up the framework to approve imports and field releases of GMOs, but it took more than three years for BiH’s Council of Ministers to adopt the five implementing rulebooks regarding the specific procedures to import and market biotech products and the regulation outlining the process for approving biotech cultivation is still missing. BiH’s anti-biotech border practices, which include random testing, can occasionally influence commercial imports. Knowledge about biotechnology is still very limited, even among scientists and agricultural officials. The policy makers and farmers’ main concern is that the country’s export markets will be threatened if GE production is allowed in the country.