Good weather conditions and an “on-year” for production will push Turkey's pistachio production higher in MY 2022/23. The production of almonds and hazelnuts is likewise forecast higher, while walnut production is expected to remain steady. Even though domestic tree nut production continues to grow, Turkey is projected to import sizeable volumes of almonds and walnuts in MY 2022/23 to meet steady consumer demand. Imports of U.S. tree nuts continue to be disadvantaged by a 10 percent retaliatory duty, which Turkey imposed after the United States levied Section 232 tariffs on Turkish steel and aluminum. However, despite this additional tax and growing competition, the United States is still the top supplier of walnuts and almonds to Turkey.