It is an “off-year” for pistachios in Turkey, and consequently, Post forecasts a low production level for MY 2021/22. However, Turkey has carried over significant stocks from the previous year, so there is no shortage of pistachios in the market. In addition, Turkey relies on imports of almonds and walnuts to meet domestic demand for tree nuts. U.S. walnuts and almonds are still subject to retaliatory tariffs, resulting in a 10 percent higher customs tax than other tree nut-exporting countries. Turkey is the top producer of hazelnuts in the world and the largest exporter. The MY 2021/22 yield for hazelnuts is higher than last year because of good weather conditions.