On March 12, 2020, South Africa announced that the applied most favoured nation duties (MFN) on imports of bone-in chicken will be raised from 37 percent to 62 percent, and from 12 percent to 42 percent for boneless portions. The announcement comes more than one year after the International Trade Administration Commission of South Africa initiated its investigation in November 2018 at the request of the South African Poultry Association. The increases on the duties are effective as of March 13, 2020. The United States, Brazil and the European Union are the leading exporters of poultry to South Africa and could be impacted in some degree. While the MFN duty increases apply to chicken imports from the United States and Brazil, the European Union will not be subject to these increases due to their tariff free market access established under the Economic Partnership Agreement between the Southern Africa Development Community and the European Union.