Although 30 years ago Romania was Europe’s largest hemp producer, deteriorating processing facilities, lower demand for hemp products, and increasingly strict regulations diminished farmers’ enthusiasm for industrial hemp production. More recently, Romanian hemp production is experiencing a revival due to growing international demand, domestic support, and newly established processing facilities. Romania’s hemp planted area reached 1,454 hectares (HA) in 2018. Hemp seed imports for processing increased by nearly 50 percent during the first eight months of 2019 over the corresponding period in 2018, reaching $2.6 million. Pending a draft law currently under consideration by the Romanian Parliament, substances and preparations which contain cannabis might be used for medical purpose in the future.