Peru's 10-year moratorium on genetically engineered (GE) crops and zero tolerance for GE events is scheduled to expire in 2021. The Ministry of Environment tests conventional imported seed shipments upon arrival, raising concerns amongst seed traders. The detection of a GE event in seeds, including adventitious presence, results in steep fines. Peru imports GE crops such as soybeans, corn, and cotton for consumption and processing. The United States is a major supplier of these commodities, as are other South American countries. In 2019, Peru, for the first time, imposed fines on several products that were not labeled as having GE content. The 2011 Consumer Defense Code legislated for GE labeling, however to date there is no implementing regulation to operationalize this law.