India’s political environment continues to hinder the development of agricultural biotechnology regulatory system. The Government of India (GOI) remains undecided on the approval of genetically engineered (GE) crop events (namely mustard and eggplant), which have already been cleared by the regulatory authorities. Bt cotton remains the only biotech crop approved for commercial cultivation. Soy and canola oils derived from select GE soy and canola events are the only products derived from GE crops, animals or their by-products approved for import. Other than limited success in research on the cloning of buffaloes, Indian animal biotech research and development is at a nascent stage.