The European Union’s (EU) complex and lengthy policy framework for biotechnology creates a challenging environment for research and limits access to innovative tools for EU farmers. The EU produces very few genetically engineered (GE) crops but it imports large amounts of GE feed. In July 2018, the European Court of Justice issued its judgment that organisms created through innovative biotechnologies should be regulated as GE organisms in the EU. Scientists and the main farm organizations warn that this judgment could harm research and agriculture in the EU. This judgment also has potential to create trade disruptions in the future.