U.S. Trade with Nicaragua in 2021

Export Market Rank
#42 Among U.S. Agricultural Export Markets
Total Export Value
$440.11 Million
3-Year Average
$320.88 Million
Compound Average Growth
5.7% (2012-2021)
Total Export Value 2012 - 2021
Export Value by Commodity 2021

Since CAFTA-DR went into effect there in 2006, U.S. exports to Nicaragua have grown more than 70 percent.

Nicaragua has one of the highest levels of food insecurity in the world. The country is a large food aid recipient due, in part, to its inability to offset the shortfall in domestic food production with commercial imports. USDA provides assistance via the Food for Progress and McGovern-Dole Food for Education programs. 

Top 10 Exports to Nicaragua in 2021

Commodity Total Value (USD) Total Volume (Metric Tons) 10-Year Average Value (USD) 10-Year Growth
Corn $143.24 Million 546,663 $51.87 Million 407%
Soybean Meal $74.54 Million 161,894 $45.44 Million 103%
Rice $43.53 Million 110,649 $15.99 Million 74%
Pork & Pork Products $32.1 Million 11,187 $13.37 Million 831%
Cotton $26.88 Million 12,668 $5.29 Million 2464%
Wheat $18.69 Million 62,812 $11.4 Million 18%
Dairy Products $15.34 Million 5,222 $10.51 Million 69%
Poultry Meat & Prods. (ex. Eggs) $14.66 Million 10,150 $7.38 Million 130%
Food Preparations $11.54 Million 3,934 $10.98 Million 26%
Baked Goods $7.08 Million 2,798 $5.35 Million 131%

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Data and Analysis

The Government of Nicaragua has refused to issue import permits or has rejected shipments of U.S. poultry products – including raw frozen cuts, fully cooked products, and day-old chicks – from U.S. states where high pathogenicity avian influenza cases have been reported.
Attaché Report (GAIN)

Nicaragua: Agricultural Biotechnology Annual

Despite being passed in 2010, Nicaraguan biotechnology legislation lacks implementing regulations that would open additional opportunities for farmers and food processors to integrate new technologies into their operations. However, Nicaraguan companies continue to regularly import genetically engineered feed grains and oilseed products to support the growing livestock sector.
This report lists the main Nicaraguan food laws, technical regulations and import requirements. As of June 1, 2022, there were no major changes to Nicaragua’s import procedures since the 2021 FAIRS report.

News and Features

June 30, 2021
Communications to Congress

Food for Progress Program – 2020 Report to Congress

November 6, 2020
Communications to Congress

Food for Progress Program – 2019 Report to Congress

September 20, 2019
Communications to Congress

Food for Progress Program – 2018 Report to Congress

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