This is Posts’ first report on the Zambia sugar industry. The sugar industry has grown significantly since its establishment in 1964. Zambia Sugar Plc is the most dominant company contributing about 92.5% of the total sugar production in Zambia. Post estimates that the Zambia sugar cane crop will decrease by 3 percent to 3,250,745 MT in the 2016/17 MY, due to drought conditions in the sugar growing areas and power interruptions which restricted irrigation. Sugar production will decrease by 6 percent to 388,405 MT in the 2016/17 MY, due to the decrease in sugarcane delivered for processing at the mills and the lower quality of sugarcane crushed during the season. Zambia`s exports are mainly to Africa and the European Union (EU). Sugar imports are minimal. Zambia does not benefit from the U.S raw sugar tariff-rate quotas (TRQ).