On February 5, 2017, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CCCPC) and the State Council unveiled its first policy document for 2017. This document, referred to as the No. 1 Document, traditionally focuses on agricultural and rural issues and is considered to be a significant policy document that outlines goals for the upcoming year. Major policy measures include China’s intent to become food secure in staple grain production; continue its domestic support programs for grains; increase its ability to use trade remedy measures, bolster its food safety system, and increase its level of support for agricultural research and development. This report provides an unofficial translation of the No. 1 Document. This unofficial translation was done in collaboration with the Canadian Embassy in Beijing, China.