On February 21, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council jointly issued the annual policy guidelines on agriculture and rural development, known as the “No. 1 Document”. The 2021 No. 1 Document has set commercialization of high-quality seeds and livestock genetics as important factors for national food security, while stable supplies of grains and pork remain important. The central governments emphasis on supporting seed development, including biotech seeds, is a new feature in the 2021 No. 1 Document and there is continued emphasis on shoring up grade producing farmland. This report contains selected highlights and an unofficial translation.