The Bank of Ghana restricted access to foreign exchange for a select list of imported products, including rice, poultry, vegetable oils, and pasta, among other items, to implement a directive from the President of Ghana.
The Agricultural Trade Office (ATO)/Sao Paulo estimate for the Brazilian coffee production for Marketing Year (MY) 2022/23 (July-June) was revised downward to 62.6 million 60-kg bags, a decrease of 1.7 million bags relative to the previous estimate, due to lower output in Arabica production.
Despite private sector support for biotechnology, Venezuela’s ban on the domestic use of and research on modern biotechnology-derived agriculture remains in place. The backbone of this ban is the Seed Law of December 2015, which also prohibits the importation of genetically-engineered seeds.
While Colombia's regulatory environment remains friendly toward the adoption of biotech-derived commodities and other innovative technologies, Congressional anti-biotechnology initiatives continue posing a threat, risking the benefits to consumers and the agricultural sector. In 2021, genetically engineered corn area planted grew 31 percent, reaching record figures, and genetically engineered cotton area planted recovered 55 percent compared to 2020.
Excessive rains and cloudiness in the last two years have suppressed Colombia's coffee production. In marketing year (MY) 2022/23, Post forecasts Colombian production at 12.6 million bags of green bean equivalent (GBE) coffee. Although local prices remain high, weather conditions are expected to continue affecting crop productivity.
The legal and regulatory situation to allow the planting of genetically engineered (GE) crops in Ecuador remains relatively the same as 2021. Commercial cultivation of GE crops is not permitted, however cultivation for research is allowed and an exception exists for GE products without recombinant or foreign DNA in the genome. A ruling by Ecuador’s Constitutional Court in early 2022 now makes it more difficult for the President to authorize exceptions to the GE ban.
Peru continues to enforce the extended biotechnology moratorium. In February 2021, Peru extended the previous ten-year biotechnology moratorium for another fifteen years. Similar to the previous moratorium, Peru has yet to notify the measure to the World Trade Organization. In general, biotechnology remains misunderstood by the public in Peru.
Overall, Mexico’s market year (MY) 2022/23 deciduous fruit production is projected to remain steady year-to-year, with apple production increasing marginally by 1 percent, but from what is estimated to be a small MY 2021/22 crop.
This report lists and describes certificates and other documents that must accompany food and agricultural imports to Chile as required by Chilean regulations. Three new certificates were developed since the last version of this report, one for vampire bats, one for breeding swine, and one for hedgehogs. This report outlines the certificates that need to accompany all imports of food products to Chile.
This report lists and describes certificates and other documents that must accompany food and agricultural imports to Chile as required by Chilean regulations. Three new certificates were developed since the last version of this report, one for vampire bats, one for breeding swine, and one for hedgehogs.
Côte d’Ivoire has become one of the major palm oil producers on the continent. Since 2018, the country has produced more than 500,000MT yearly. Currently, production is expected to increase 26 percent in MY2022/23 while demand outweighs supply.