Fruits and Vegetables
In 2019, the value of U.S. fresh fruit and vegetable exports to the world reached $7.1 billion, a three percent decline from the prior year. Due to geographic proximity and climate, Canada remained the top U.S. market, accounting for 49 percent of exports, or $3.5 billion. Mexico came in as a distant second with 11 percent of U.S. exports while no other markets had more than 6 percent share of exports. U.S. orange exports experienced the greatest drop, down $100 million from 2018 and accounting for 34 percent of the overall decline, with the largest losses in South Korea, Canada, and China. U.S. orange production is still recovering from the poor harvest of 2018/19 and declining production due to citrus greening. Trade tensions contributed to a second year of decline in fruit and vegetable exports to China and Hong Kong. However, Taiwan and Vietnam saw significant gains of 17 and 36 percent, respectively, valued at $47 million and $37 million. Apples, pears, peaches, citrus, table grapes, and cherries continue to make up half of total U.S. fresh fruit and vegetable exports.