Argentina: Corn Production Increases due
to Higher Area and Yields
2001/02 corn production is forecast at 12.8 million tons, up 0.8 million from
last month, or 7 percent, but down 17 percent from last season’s revised
estimate of 15.4 million tons. Harvested
area is forecast at 2.25 million hectares, up 100,000 hectares from last month
but down 26 percent from last season. Yield
is forecast above average at 5.69 tons per hectare.
harvest is underway and is 21 percent complete as of March 29, 2002, similar
to last year’s pace according to the Argentine Ministry of Agriculture (SAGPyA).
Harvested area increased by 100,000 hectares from last month. The
Argentine Ministry of Agriculture raised their planted area estimate to 3.0
from 2.6 million hectares. Less area for silage is one of the reasons for the
Field travel by Ag Attaché and FAS/Washington indicates
higher than average yields in northern Buenos Aires Province, southern Santa
Fe Province and eastern Cordoba Province. These areas were planted on time.
Abundant soil moisture and timely rains have led to higher estimated
yields, and reports of yields in these areas confirm higher yield estimates.
In northwestern Buenos Aires Province, corn was planted later than
normal and lower yields are expected; this area was not visited. The
higher-yielding areas in central Argentina are expected to offset the lower
Sorghum Production Decreases due to Lower Area
2001/02 sorghum production is forecast at 2.3 million tons, down 0.7 million
from last month and down 20 percent from last season’s revised estimate of
2.9 million tons. Harvested area
is estimated at 0.53 million hectares, a decrease of 0.12 million from last
month and down 14 percent from last year.
area has been decreasing in Argentina as farmers switch to soybeans. In the
main growing areas of central Argentina few farmers use sorghum in crop
rotation. In marginal areas of northern Santa Fe Province and western Cordoba
Province, which tend to have droughts, sorghum remains a component in crop
2001/02 wheat production is estimated at 15.5 million tons, up 0.5 million
from last month but down 2.5 million tons from a year earlier year.
Turkey’s low wheat production is attributed to dry and warm weather
during the winter and spring months of 2000/01 in Central Anatolia, the region that
accounts for nearly 40 percent of Turkey’s wheat production. Lack of rainfall within Central Anatolia reduced both wheat
quality and quantity. Other
regions in the country, such as Adana and Antakya regions, also reported wheat
harvests slightly below last year. The
exception is Southeast Anatolia, where wheat production increased due to good
rainfall and low pest infestation.
Drought Devastates Corn Crop
corn production for 2001/02 is estimated at 1.0 million tons, down 0.1 million
or 9 percent from last month and down 0.4 million or 30 percent from last
year’s below-average crop. Planted
area is estimated at 1.2 million hectares, down 2 percent from last year due
to area reductions in the large-scale commercial farm sector. The estimated yield of 0.83 tons per hectare is the lowest
since 1994/95 and much lower than the 5-year average yield of 1.2 tons per
Dry weather in October 2001 delayed the start of the planting season by 2 to 4 weeks, but moderate to heavy rainfall in November and early-December provided abundant moisture for germination and early establishment. This favorable pattern changed in January, when the summer rainy season ended abruptly. Total rainfall from January through March was less than 25 percent of normal, and above-normal temperatures throughout the growing season magnified the impact of the dryness. Soil moisture was severely depleted, and supplemental irrigation was rarely available to ease the stress. The crop is now at the filling and maturing stage, too late in the season to benefit from additional rainfall. Harvesting is expected to start later in April and continue for several months.
Sorghum Production Up
2001/02 sorghum production is estimated at 3.77 million tons, up 1.27 million
from last month and up 1.27 million tons from the previous year.
Area harvested is estimated at 5.85 million hectares, up 1.65 million
from last year. Area expansion and favorable weather contributed to the above
average harvest and higher yields than in the preceding five years.
In general, rainfall started on time in most regions and was well
distributed throughout the season, especially in the important Central Region
where nearly 40 percent of sorghum is produced. Area harvested for irrigated
sorghum also expanded due to the good rainfall raising the Nile water levels
higher than usual.
Corn Production Rises
Ethiopia’s 2001/02 corn production is estimated at 3.25 million tons, up 0.63 million from last month and up 0.15 million tons from last year. Area harvested is estimated at 2.0 million hectares, up 0.25 million from last month and up 0.15 million from last year. In general, favorable rainfall at the higher altitudes contributed towards good growing conditions and a bumper harvest for the country. However, rainfall at the lower altitude agricultural regions was less favorable, with some regions reporting lower production due to late onset, erratic distribution, or early cessation of rainfall.
Romania: Corn and Wheat Revised Upward; Barley Revised Downward
corn production for 2001/02 is estimated at 8.8 million tons, up 400,000 tons
from last month and up 4.3 million or 96 percent from a year earlier.
Production was revised upward from the record low of 4.5 million tons
in 2000, but is still 3 percent below the five-year average of 9.1 million.
Harvested area was adjusted down 0.1 million hectares to 2.9 million
which is still larger than the 2000/01 acreage, at 2.7 million.
While corn was devastated in the southeast and along the Danube River
from summer drought, better weather prevailed in other areas of the country,
pushing up aggregate yields to near average levels.
wheat production for 2001/02 is estimated at 7.9 million tons, up 400,000 tons
from last month and up 3.5 million or 80 percent from a year earlier.
This increase resulted from an upward revision in acreage at 2.5
million hectares, up 200,000 from last month, based on final government
barley production for 2001/02 is estimated at 1.1 million tons, down 400,000
tons from last month and up 350,000 tons or 47 percent from 2000’s 30-year
low. This decrease was based on a
downward revision in yields, estimated at 1.93 tons per hectare, offsetting a
slightly larger crop acreage estimated at 569,000 hectares.
Wheat and Corn Estimates Revised Downward
France’s 2001/02 total wheat crop is estimated at 31.5 million
tons, down 0.5 million from last month and down 6.1 million or 16 percent from
a year earlier. The decrease is
primarily due to a decline in harvested area, down 45,000 hectares from last
month. Wheat is grown throughout
France, and nearly all of it is sown during the winter months. The 2001/02
corn crop is also estimated lower at 16.1 million tons, down 0.4 million from
last month and down slightly (130,000 tons) from 2000/01.
As a result of a downward revision in crop yields, from 8.92 tons per
hectare to 8.52, production is estimated lower. This decrease offsets a slight upward revision in crop
acreage, resulting in a net decrease in production.
Most of the corn in France is grown in the southwest regions of
Poitou-Charentes, Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrenees.
Record Soybean Area and Production
Argentina’s 2001/02 soybean production is estimated at a record 29.5 million tons, up 0.75 million or 8 percent from last month and up 6 percent from last season’s revised estimate of 27.8 million tons. Harvested area is forecast at a record 11.3 million hectares, up 0.2 million from last month and up 9 percent from last season. Yield is forecast above average at 2.61 tons per hectare.
Soybean harvest has started and is 6 percent complete as of March 29, 2002, similar to last year’s pace. First-crop soybeans escaped damage from dryness in February, when some fields were at the end of the podfill stage. The recent March rains alleviated dryness in the main growing areas, improving the conditions for second-crop soybeans.
travel during late February and early March indicated mixed conditions for
soybean yields. First-crop soybean yields were higher than normal, and, at
that time, second-crop soybeans were suffering from dryness.
The dryness has been alleviated and second-crop soybean yields are
expected to be near normal. The
proportion of second-crop soybean planted area is estimated at 27 percent of
total soybeans, compared to 26 percent in 2000/01, and 28 percent in
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