Argentina: Argentine total leaf production for 2002 is expected to reach a record level, totaling 127,500 metric tons, up nearly 30 percent from the previous year. Much of this increase is due to an additional 5,500 hectares of tobacco being planted along with favorable weather conditions. Flue-cured production in 2002 is estimated to total 71,700 tons, compared to 54,400 tons in 2001. Flue-cured and burley leaf exports combined account for 93 percent of Argentine leaf exports, and are estimated up 1 percent and 15 percent, respectively, from the previous year. The leading export markets for Argentine leaf are Paraguay, the United States, and the European Union. Argentine leaf prices are not expected to decrease significantly in 2002 despite the devaluation in the peso. AR2030
Bulgarian leaf production is likely to increase for all types due in
part to financial incentives giving the industry by the government.
Total leaf production for 2002 is forecast at 50,210 tons, up nearly 23
percent from 2001. Total leaf
imports are forecast to decline by 14 percent in 2002, although the domestic
cigarette industry is still expected to buy most of its needed higher quality
flue-cured and burley tobaccos from foreign sources.
Despite an improvement in local leaf quality, domestic stocks of lower
quality leaf will likely increase in 2002, and push total leaf stocks to
30,809 tons. BU2008
Total leaf imports in 2002
are projected at 57,500 tons, up about 2 percent from 2001.
Although Egypt prefers American tobacco because of its high quality and
flavor, its high price makes it prohibitively expensive for the Egyptian
market. The Egyptian leaf market has long been considered very price
sensitive. The leading sources of
Egyptian leaf imports in 2001 were Malawi and China. EG2011
German cigarette production is forecast at 218 billion pieces in 2002,
up 2 percent from the previous year. Much
of this increase is due to a rise in cigarette sales to the Spanish and
Italian markets. For 2002, cigarette exports are expected to increase by
nearly 4 percent over 2001. GM
production for 2002 is forecast to remain within the European Unionís
tobacco quota for Italy and reach 130,400 tons, unchanged from 2001.
Area planted to leaf is expected to increase slightly.
Italian leaf exports are forecast to decline about 4 percent from last
year. The leading export markets
for Italy are the European Union, Eastern Europe, and the United States.
Korean Tobacco and Ginseng Corporation ended their monopoly control in 2001
and have begun contracting for leaf based on volume rather than area planted.
Total leaf production is forecast to drop about 6 percent because of
this change. Korean cigarette
manufacturers have also begun streamlining the industry in an effort to regain
market share lost to foreign brands. Consumer
preference for cigarettes has shifted toward higher quality foreign brands in
recent years. KS2019
As the Malaysian economy improves, the demand for American-style
cigarettes is expected to grow. Cigarette
production in 2002 is forecast to rise by 10 percent from last year.
Ample domestic leaf production is expected to dampen the demand for
foreign leaf. Domestic leaf
production in 2002 is estimated at 10,520 tons, up 12 percent from the
previous year. Leaf imports in
2002 are forecast to drop nearly 25 percent.
production is expected to exceed domestic demand for the third consecutive
year and reach 375 billion pieces compared to 374 billion pieces in 2001.
High cigarette stocks are expected to help boost cigarette exports in
2002 to nearly 5 billion pieces, up 56 percent from the previous year.
Major export markets for Russia include the Ukraine and Belarus. RS2014
South African leaf production for 2002 is forecast to return to normal
levels after last yearís a bumper crop. Total
leaf production for 2002 is estimated at 29,950 tons, down 13 percent from 2001,
and is reflective of the downward trend being seen for cigarettes.
South Africaís leaf exports are forecast to decline nearly 19 percent
and reach 15,000 tons. SF2012
Cigarette sales continue to climb and are expected to reach a record
level in 2002. Much of this growth
is on account of a strong tourist market along with lower retail price compared
to other European countries. Cigarette sales are estimated to reach 94 billion pieces in
2002. Despite an expected marginal
increase in sales, cigarette production is expected to fall by 6 percent this
year. The decline in output is due
to a 15-percent increase in foreign sales of American-blend cigarettes.
Consumer demand has shifted from traditional dark cigarettes to
American-blended cigarettes. SP2015
The Taiwan Tobacco and Wine Board=s
tobacco (TTWB) monopoly was dismantled in January 2002.
The Board will be incorporated in 2002 and privatized by July 2005.
As a private company, TTWB will no longer subsidize domestic production
and will be cutting production each year until all domestic production has been
phased out. Imported leaf will then
account for all domestic demand. For
2002, leaf production declined 12 percent.
United Kingdom: For 2002, cigarette production is expected to remain relatively constant at 126 billion pieces. Sources forecast that production may show some improvement as economic conditions in the UKís Far Eastern markets improves. Cigarette exports are estimated to increase to 102 billion pieces in 2002. However, the long-term trend in the UK has been for a declining domestic market and lower exports. UK2009
Zimbabwe Tobacco Auction Update: Zimbabwe=s Tobacco Marketing Board reports that 12.07 million kilograms of flue-cured tobacco were sold after four weeks of the auction season for an average price of U.S.$1.82 per kilogram. This is down 400,000 kg from the same period last season. Average prices are up by 7 percent from the same period a year ago.
USDA Announces Importer Assessment Rates for Flue-Cured Tobacco: USDA announced assessment rates effective July 2, 2002 on unmanufactured flue-cured tobacco imported for consumption of five cents per pound. The assessment rates are the same for domestically-produced flue-cured tobacco and will remain in effect through June 30, 2002. PR1555.02
Announces 2002 Marketing Year Penalty Rates for Excess Tobacco: USDA
announced the penalty rates that will be charged producers, dealers, and
warehouse operators for marketing excess tobacco during the 2002 marketing year.