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New York produces agricultural products that are exported worldwide. In 2008,
the State's cash receipts from farming totaled $4.7 billion, and exports were
estimated at $1.2 billion. Agricultural exports help boost farm prices and
income, while supporting about 13,899 jobs both on the farm and off the farm in
food processing, storage, and transportation. Exports are increasingly important
to New York's agricultural and statewide economy. Measured as exports divided by
farm cash receipts, the State's reliance on agricultural exports was 25 percent
New York's top agricultural exports in 2008 were:
dairy products -- $333 million
wheat and products -- $152 million
fruits and preparations -- $149 million
feed grains and products -- $125 million
World demand is increasing, but so is competition among suppliers. If New
York's farmers, ranchers, and food processors are to compete successfully for
opportunities of the 21st century, they need fair trade and more open
access to growing global markets.
New York Benefits From Trade Agreements
New York is one of the nation’s top vegetable producers. Under the U.S. –
Australian FTA in, Australia’s 5-percent tariff would be eliminated on a number
of U.S. vegetable exports including mushrooms, potatoes (fresh, dried and
flakes), and sweet corn (frozen and canned). From 2001 through 2003, U.S.
suppliers annually shipped on average $21.5 million worth of vegetable and
vegetable products to Australia.
Under the U.S. – Australian FTA, New York’s fruit industry will benefit.
Australia’s 5-percent tariff would be eliminated on a number of fruits and nuts
including processed products like cranberry juice, fruit jams and jellies.
Australia has also committed to addressing outstanding phytosanitary issues,
including those for apples and stone fruits. From 2001 to 2003, U.S. suppliers
annually shipped on average $50 million worth of fruit and nut products to
Under the U.S.-Central America-Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR),
a two-track approach will be established for dairy products with the objective
of achieving free trade within 20 years. The first step is the establishment of
reciprocal duty-free tariff rate quotas (TRQs). The second and concurrent step
involves the immediate elimination of in-quota tariffs on dairy products. U.S.
dairy products shipped to Central America face a range of different TRQs and
import tariffs as high as 65 percent. From 2001 through 2003, U.S. suppliers
annually shipped on average 17,880 metric tons of dairy products valued at $44.1
million to all six countries combined.
Export Success Stories
The New York dairy industry benefited when a major baker in the Philippines
introduced Carrot Raisin Loaf, a bread manufactured with whey and milk
powders. The company developed the product after participating in the U.S. Dairy
Export Council’s Bakery Workshop in 2000, one-on-one consultations in 2001 and
the U.S. Whey for Biscuits and Confectionery Seminar held this year. The value
of exports of U.S. whey to the Philippines exceeded $5 million in 2003. Skim
Milk Powder (SMP) exports from the United States totaled more than $22 million,
which was 9.6 percent of total U.S. SMP exports that year.