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Hawaii produces agricultural products that are exported worldwide. In fiscal
year 2008, the State's total cash receipts from farming reached $547 million,
and exports were estimated at $100 million. These exports help boost farm prices
and income, while supporting jobs both on the farm and off the farm in food
processing, storage, and transportation. Hawaii's agricultural exports alone
create an estimated 1,158 jobs.
Hawaii's top agricultural exports in fiscal year 2008 were:
- fruits and preparations -- $44 million
- wheat and products -- $13 million
- tree nuts -- $8 million
- live animals and meat -- $1.8 million
World demand for agricultural, fish and wood products is increasing, but so
is competition among suppliers. If Hawaii's industries are to compete
successfully for export opportunities in the 21st century, they need fair
trade and more open access to growing global markets.
How Trade Agreements Benefit Hawaii Agriculture
Hawaii benefits from the Uruguay Round as Japan and South Korea make
substantial tariff reductions on a wide range of fresh and processed fruits.
From 1995 to 2000, Japan lowered its tariffs to 19.1-21.3 percent on fruit
juices containing not more than 10 percent sucrose by weight.
Under the Uruguay Round agreement, Hawaii benefited when Japan cut tariffs on
almonds and other nuts from 1995 to 2000. South Korea, Thailand, and Malaysia
are doing likewise. Supported by these cuts, U.S. walnut exports to Japan rose
17 percent, reaching $37.3 million in 2002, and U.S. walnut sales to South Korea
increased 267 percent to $6.7 million during the same period. U.S. almond sales
to Thailand rose from $652,000 in 1995 to $1 million in 2002.
Under the U.S. – Australian FTA, Australia’s 5-percent tariff would be
eliminated on a number of fruit and nut products, including almonds, grapes,
raisins, dried apricots, dried apples, dried plums, citrus juices, cranberry
juice, fruit jams and jellies, and frozen strawberries. Australia has also
committed to addressing outstanding phytosanitary issues, including those for
apples, citrus, and stone fruits. From 2001 to 2003, U.S. suppliers annually
shipped on average $50 million worth of fruit and nut products to Australia.
Under the U.S. – Australian FTA, Australia has also agreed to immediately
eliminate a 5-percent duty on U.S. vegetable exports. From 2001 through 2003,
U.S. suppliers annually shipped on average $21.5 million worth of vegetable and
vegetable products to Australia.
Export Success Stories
Hawaii Roasters has just completed their first shipment of green coffee to
Cafe Richard in France. The Hawaii Department of Agriculture arranged
appointments for buyers participating in a Market Access Program (MAP) funded
buying mission from France to Hawaii.