is an important producer and exporter of fish and solid wood products. In 2001,
the State's commercial fish landings totaled $1.2 billion. Wood product
shipments were $155 million in 2001. These industries are important to Alaska's
economy and more reliant on overseas markets than the fish and wood industries
of any other state. In 2001, the value of fish and wood
products leaving the port of Anchorage was $1.1 billion and $69 million,
respectively. These exports create jobs in mills and at ports, and also support
jobs in related sectors, such as food processing, storage, and transportation.
demand for fish and wood products is increasing, but so is competition among
suppliers. If Alaska’s industries are to compete successfully for the export
opportunities of the 21st century, they need fair trade and more open
access to growing global markets.
Benefits From Trade Agreements
is already benefiting from a number of agricultural trade agreements. While
there is still much to be done, examples of market opportunities for Alaska
the U.S.-Chile and U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreements, Alaska will benefit
when Chile’s and Singapore’s tariffs on wood products will be eliminated
immediately, upon implementation of the agreements.
the Uruguay Round, major U.S. trading partners reduced their tariffs by 28
percent on average for wood products. In
the case of Japan, the tariff cuts (along with other liberalization measures
taken under the U.S.-Japan Wood Products Agreement and the U.S.-Japan
Enhanced Initiative on Deregulation and Competition Policy) helped create
significant new market opportunities for a wide-range of value-added wood
provided for the progressive elimination of Mexico’s tariffs on wood
products, with most tariffs eliminated immediately or over five years. The last tariffs were eliminated on January 1, 2003. Following
Mexico's severe economic downturn in 1995, U.S. wood sales
have risen steadily. Mexico is
our third largest export market for wood products with exports totaling $384
million in 2002.
elimination of tariffs under the 1989 U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement led
to a large increase in U.S. wood products sales to Canada. Canada has become the United
States' largest export market for wood
products, surpassing even Japan. U.S.
wood products exports to Canada more than doubled from 1989 to 2002, from
$644 million to $1.67 billion.
the U.S.-Chile and U.S.-Singapore Free Trade Agreements, Alaska’s fishing
communities will benefit when Chile’s and Singapore’s tariffs on fishery
products will be eliminated immediately, upon implementation of the
fishery products exports to Canada have more than tripled since tariffs were
eliminated under the 1989 U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement, from $200
million in 1989 to a near-record $602 million in 2002. Canada is the United States’ second largest export market for
fishery products, after Japan.
has helped U.S. exporters to maintain their position as Mexico’s leading
supplier of fishery products. U.S.
fishery products exports to Mexico have risen from $36 million in 1993 to
$70 million in 2002. Mexico is
the United States’ largest export market for fishery products in Latin
Thursday, October 14, 2004 PM