U. S. Horticultural Trade
|The value of U.S. horticultural
exports remained steady in Calendar Year (CY) 1999, at
$10.23 billion. The largest export
gains were in the fresh fruit and juice categories. Fresh
fruit (excluding citrus) exports grew 13 percent to $1.4
billion while fruit and vegetable juices reached a record
$784 million. Wine, frozen vegetables and dried fruit
exports also rose during CY 1999. Exports of tree nuts,
citrus, beer and frozen fruits fell during this period.
While horticultural exports remained steady,
horticultural imports rose 11 percent in CY 1999 to reach
a record $16 billion. Overall, the United States had a $6
billion trade deficit in horticultural products in CY
1999, up 37 percent from the previous year.
- U.S. Horticultural Exports
- U.S. Horticultural Exports Remain Steady
- U.S. horticultural exports in calendar year (CY) 1999
reached $10.23 billion, virtually unchanged from the
previous year. The clear export winners in CY 1999 were
fresh fruits (excluding citrus) and juices. Exports of
fresh fruit, excluding citrus, grew 13 percent to $1.4
billion in CY 1999. In this category, avocados, cherries,
peaches, and nectarines saw the biggest jumps. Avocado
exports were up 38 percent to over $7.5 million. Most of
the growth went to Europe and Korea. Fresh cherries,
grapes, and kiwifruit also saw significant increases in
exports, both in terms of volume and dollar value. Most
of the increase in cherry exports went to Japan. Taiwan
was responsible for almost all the export growth in
peaches and nectarines last year. Increased Asian demand
was also responsible for the increase in exports of
grapes and kiwifruit.
- Fruit and vegetable juices reached a record $784 million.
Grapefruit juice led this growth with a 41 percent rise
in value and a 103 percent rise in volume. The EU and
Japan were primarily responsible for the growth in
grapefruit juice exports. Other juices, including fresh
squeezed orange juice, also performed very well, with an
increase in value and volume of 12 percent and 21
- Citrus exports in CY 1999 declined by close to $174
million or 27 percent, compared to the previous year.
Although grapefruit saw a rise of 13.4 percent, fresh
orange exports fell by 56 percent due to the untimely
freeze in California in December 1998. As the crop
recovers from the freeze, citrus exports are expected to
rebound in 2000.
- Dehydrated potatoes saw the biggest increase of all
individual horticultural exports. Exports increased 91
percent in value to reach $82 million and rose 202
percent in volume to nearly 133,000 metric tons. At the
same time, fresh vegetable exports reached a record $1.1
billion in CY 1999.
- U.S. wine exports rose for the fourteenth consecutive
year. In CY 1999, wine exports rose by $9 million to
$540.9 million. The largest export gains were to South
Korea at $2.7 million (up 128 percent), China at $2
million (up 247 percent), and Malaysia at $2.4 million
(up 80 percent). The value of U.S. beer exports continued
to decline in 1999. Beer exports dropped by $51 million
to $309 million, a 14 percent decrease. Since 1995, the
value of beer exports has dropped by 49 percent.
- Dried fruit exports grew by nearly $4 million in CY 1999.
Raisin and prune exports fell slightly but other dried
fruit exports rose over 20 percent. Overall, the value of
dried fruit exports reached $384 million.
- All tree nut exports fell except shelled walnuts, which
saw a $4.5 million increase. The tree nut category fell
nearly $185 million, with almonds and pistachios
experiencing double digit drops. Record-breaking
production of almonds by the major producers, including
the United States, resulted in an oversupply of almonds
and depressed prices.
- Canned and prepared fruit and vegetable exports also fell
last year. Of canned vegetables, tomato paste fell the
most by $10 million, or 13 percent. Canned peaches and
pineapples both fell significantly. Canned pineapples
fell the most, by 40 percent, experiencing a loss of
almost $2 million. Canned peach exports fell by almost $4
million to $20 million in CY 1999. Cherries were the only
strong performers in the canned and prepared fruit
category. Canned tart cherry and maraschino cherry
exports grew by 12 percent and 20 percent, respectively.
- Frozen fruit exports fell by 3 percent last year to $88.8
million. Frozen blueberry exports fell $10.5 million, a
36 percent drop, and frozen strawberries fell by $3
million. Other frozen fruit balanced out the category by
growing almost $11 million or 39 percent.
- U.S. Horticultural Imports
- Horticultural Imports Reach a New Record in CY 1999
- U.S. horticultural imports reached a record $16 billion,
up 11 percent from the previous year. Beer and bananas
remained the largest single import products in CY 1999,
with imports valued at $1.9 billion for beer and at a
little over $1 billion for bananas. Sixty-two percent of
banana imports came from Costa Rica and Ecuador.
- Fresh fruits comprised 19 percent of total horticultural
imports in CY 1999, with imports valued at $3.1 billion.
Within this category, fresh pear and apple imports showed
the greatest increase in value from the previous year.
Pear imports rose 66 percent while apple imports rose 46
percent in CY 1999. New Zealand supplied 44 percent of
fresh apple imports, while Chile and Argentina supplied
69 percent of fresh pear imports.
- Wine imports comprised 14 percent of the total value of
horticultural imports. In CY 1999, the U.S. imported $2.2
billion in wine, up 17 percent from the previous year.
From this category, red wine, valued at $957 million,
remained the most popular wine import in 1999 while
sparkling wine imports reached $583 million, a 45 percent
increase from 1998.
- U.S. imports of fresh vegetables fell 6 percent in CY
1999 to $2 billion. Fresh vegetables comprised 12 percent
of total horticultural imports in CY 1999 compared to 15
percent the previous year. The largest decrease in the
fresh vegetable category was imports of fresh tomatoes
which fell by 9 percent in CY 1999. Tomato imports during
this period were valued at $689 million and made up 34
percent of fresh vegetable imports in CY 1999. With sales
valued at $490 million, Mexico remained the largest
supplier of fresh tomatoes to the U.S. market.
- Overall, the United States had a $6 billion trade deficit
in horticultural products in CY 1999, up 37 percent from
the previous year.
- (The FAS Attache Report search engine contains
reports from all over the world on more than 10
horticultural products. For more
information on horticultural production and trade visit
the H&TP website at http://
www.fas.usda.gov/htp. For further
information on this article, contact Karina Ramos or
Clarissa Valdivia at 202-7206590)
Last modified: Thursday, April 06, 2000