- World Pear Situation
|Pear production in selected
countries in 1998/99 is forecast at 12.6 million
metric tons, up 7 percent from the 1997/98
output. The upturn mainly reflects a sharp
increase in pear production in major producing
countries, especially in Italy and China. On the
other hand, selected countries pear exports
in 1998/99 are forecast 1 percent below the
previous seasons shipments. Reduced exports
from the United States and Spain will likely more
than offset higher exports from China and Italy.
The 1998/99 U.S. pear export forecast has been
reduced 13 percent to 135,000 tons, down 18
percent from last seasons record shipments.
Smaller production in major U.S. pear exporting
states (Washington, California, and Oregon); the
related increase in U.S. prices; improved
supplies from the EU; and economic difficulties
facing principal U.S. markets, such as Brazil,
have slowed U.S. pear exports in 1998/99.
Washington, California, and Oregon normally
account for more than 95 percent of U.S. pear
production and exports. U.S. principal pear
customers are Canada, Mexico, and Brazil, in that
- Northern Hemisphere
- Increased pear production in
the Northern Hemisphere in 1998/99 mainly reflects larger
crops in China, the worlds leading pear
producing country, and Italy, the principal
producer in the European Union (EU). Good weather across
Chinas deciduous fruit growing areas (Shandong,
Shaanxi, Henan, and Liaoning provinces) is expected to
boost Chinese pear production in 1998/99. Italys
1998/99 pear crop is forecast to increase more than 60
percent from the 1997/98 weather-reduced crop. On the
other hand, pear production in the United States
in 1998/99 is forecast to decrease 11 percent from the
1997/98 output. Smaller pear crops are forecast in the
states of Washington, California, and Oregon, due partly
to cool, wet weather during bloom and pollination.
Washington, California, and Oregon account for more than
95 percent of total U.S. pear production.
- Northern Hemisphere pear exports
in 1998/99 are forecast at 900,580 tons, down 2 percent
from the previous seasons shipments. Increased
exportable supplies from China and Italy
will likely be offset by lower shipments from the United
States. Italys pear exports are forecast to
recover to about 170,000 tons in 1998/99. Italian pear
shipments declined significantly last season as
exportable supplies were hampered by a smaller crop.
Chinas pear exports in 1998/99 are forecast to
increase to 130,000 tons, the result of a larger crop. On
the other hand, U.S. pear shipments in 1998/99 are now
forecast at 135,000 tons, down 18 percent from the record
165,000 tons shipped in 1997/98. Reduced production in
the states of Washington, California, and Oregon, major
U.S. pear exporting states, the related increase in U.S.
pear prices, improved production prospects in the EU, and
the economic problems facing some U.S. principal markets,
such as Brazil, will slow U.S. pear exports in 1998/99.
Italy, the United States, and China combined will account
for about half of Northern Hemisphere pear exports in
- Southern Hemisphere
- Pear production in the
Southern Hemisphere for the 1998/99 season (crop
harvested in early-1999) is projected at 1.3 million
tons, slightly higher (3 percent) than the 1997/98
output. Argentinas pear production, the
largest in the Southern Hemisphere, in 1998/99 is
forecast at 536,550 tons, unchanged from last
seasons output. More than half of the Argentine
pear crop is exported fresh and the remainder is consumed
fresh in the domestic market (25 percent) and processed
into juice or canning (the remaining 25 percent). Chilean
pear production in 1998/99 is forecast at 258,500 tons,
also unchanged from last seasons crop.
- Pear exports from Southern
Hemisphere countries in 1998/99 are forecast at 605,000
tons, unchanged from 1997/98 shipments. Exports from Argentina,
the leading exporter in the Southern Hemisphere, are
forecast to decrease slightly to 300,000 tons. The
Argentine fresh pear marketing season is year round with
the bulk marketed February through April. Major customers
are Brazil, the EU, and the United States.
- Pear exports from Chile, the second
largest supplier in the Southern Hemisphere, are also
forecast to decrease slightly in 1998/99 to 150,000 tons.
The EU is Chiles largest export market, followed by
the United States. During the last few years, sales to
the Far East and Latin American markets have showed
significant growth. Although there is no mandatory
quality control program for pears, most producers have
agreed to join voluntary quality control programs to
increase average export prices and avoid the negative
economic returns of the past.
Pears: Production, Supply and Distribution in Selected Countries (PDF format)
Table 2: U.S.
Pear Exports, Marketing Years 1995/96-1997/98 (PDF format)
For further information on
production and trade, contact Samuel Rosa at 202-720-6086. For information on marketing,
contact Sonia Jimenez
Last modified: Thursday, April 06, 2000