Canada, Mexico, the United States.
America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador,
Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, British
Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, French
West Indies, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica and Dep, Leeward-Windward
Islands, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Kitts
and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago,
Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands of the U.S.
America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Falkland
Islands (Islas Malvinas), French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname,
Austria, Belgium/Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia,
Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.
Other Europe: Albania, Azores, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Former
Yugoslavia, Gibraltar, Iceland, Macedonia, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia,
Soviet Union: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
East: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar,
Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Sub-Saharan Africa: all African countries except North Africa.
China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, North Korea, Macau,
Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri
Asia: Brunei, Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines,
Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam.
Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea.
Stocks: Unless otherwise stated, stock data are
based on an aggregate of differing local marketing years and should not be
construed as representing world stock levels at a fixed point in time.
Consumption: World totals for consumption
reflect total utilization, including food, seed, industrial, feed, and waste; as
well as differences in local marketing year imports and local marketing year
exports. Consumption statistics for regions and individual countries, however,
reflect food, seed, industrial, feed, and waste only.
Trade: All PSD tables are balanced on the
different local marketing years. All trade tables contain Trade Year (TY) data
which puts all countries on a uniform, 12-month period for analytical
comparisons: wheat is July/June; coarse grains, corn, barley, sorghum, oats, and
rye are Oct/Sept; and rice is calendar year. For a complete list of local
marketing years, please see the FAS website (http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline/psdAvailability.aspx).
EU Consolidation: The trade figures starting
from 1999/00 represent EU-27 and exclude all intra-trade. For the years 1960/61
through 1998/99, figures are the EU-15 and also exclude all intra-trade. EU-15
member states' data for grains are no longer maintained in the official USDA
database. Data for the individual NMS-10, plus Bulgaria and Romania, exists only
prior to 1999/00.
Statistics: (1) Wheat trade statistics include
wheat, flour, and selected pasta products on a grain equivalent basis. (2) Rice
trade statistics include rough, brown, milled, and broken on a milled equivalent
basis. (3) Coarse grains statistics include corn, barley, sorghum, oats, rye,
millet, and mixed grains but exclude trade in barley malt, millet, and mixed
Unaccounted: This term includes grain in
transit, reporting discrepancies in some countries, and trade to countries
outside the USDA database.
The Field Crops and Livestock Branch, Industry and
Sector Analysis Division, Foreign Agricultural Service, USDA, Washington DC
20250, prepared this circular. Information is gathered from official statistics
of foreign governments and other foreign source materials, reports of U.S.
agricultural attachés and Foreign Service officers, office research, and related
information. Further information may be obtained by writing the Division or
telephoning (202) 720-6590.
Note: The previous report in this series was
the Grain: World Markets and Trade Foreign Agricultural Service Circular
FG 12-07 December 2007. For further details on world grain production, please
see World Agricultural Production Foreign Agricultural Service Circular
WAP 01-08 January 2008.
This circular is available in its entirety on the World Wide Web via the
Foreign Agricultural Service Home Page. The address is: