WHEAT: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
U.S. Hard Red Winter (HRW) Supply Expected to be Smallest in Over 30 Years: HRW production this year is forecast to drop by more than a quarter as drought in key growing areas has decimated the crop. With carryin stocks remaining small as a result of very strong foreign demand in 2005/06, total supply will be at historically low levels. A sharply reduced exportable surplus will curtail exports and export prices have skyrocketed in past weeks to 10-year highs (See PDF for chart).
EU Intervention Wheat Stocks Decline: After swelling from nearly zero to almost 9 million tons last year, intervention wheat supplies this year have been drawn down by around 2 million tons. With a smaller crop and higher domestic prices, less has been offered into intervention. Conversely, more has moved out as the Commission has been much more aggressive in selling for export. So far this year about 4.5 million tons of intervention wheat has been sold for export, compared to less than a million tons last year. This situation is in stark contrast to corn, where intervention stocks will likely double this year to about 6 million tons. While large amounts of corn were accepted into intervention for a second straight year, primarily in Hungary, the Commission has not sold any out for export and less than a million tons has been sold domestically. Barley stocks are only expected to grow slightly from last year (See PDF for chart).
Domestic: Prices climbed for all wheat classes in May, especially at the beginning of the month, driven by the continued deterioration of the Hard Red Winter crop. For the month, HRW prices rose $21 per ton, with SRW up $14 per ton, HRS up $11 per ton and Soft White up $10 per ton.
TRADE CHANGES IN 2006/2007
TRADE CHANGES IN 2005/2006
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Last modified: Monday, June 12, 2006