WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE :
COMMENTARY AND CURRENT DATA
COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
World corn trade is unchanged, but the United States gains 1
million tons at the expense of Argentina.
Domestic: March export bids for #2 yellow corn were down
$2 per ton to $105. Bids for #2 yellow sorghum (Texas Gulf) were down the same
amount to $103 per ton.
Corn prices fell slightly during the month but continue to be
supported by strong export sales and record domestic demand. In addition, the
March 31 Prospective Plantings report was bullish because of a
larger-than-expected cut in 2006 acreage. Lingering concerns over bird flu,
large feed grain supplies, and renewed talk of exports from China have kept
prices in check.
Sorghum prices have been supported by relatively strong sales
to Mexico, by food aid business, and by the corn market (See
PDF version for chart).
TRADE CHANGES IN 2005/2006
- United States corn is up by 1.0 million tons to 50.5 million, the
highest in 7 years, due to Argentina's relative uncompetitiveness.
Argentina corn is down by 1.0 million tons to 10.0 million, the lowest in
4 years. Its current crop is forecast to be the smallest in 7 years.
- Serbia corn is down 200,000 tons to 800,000 because of smaller
production. However, both exports and production are forecast at record
- Cambodia corn is up by 200,000 tons (to 200,000) on the basis of
reported trade to the region.
- United States barley is up 100,000 tons to 400,000 because of new
sales to Saudi Arabia.
- Australia sorghum is down 200,000 tons to 300,000 because of slow
shipments, competition from the United States and Argentina, and strong
domestic feed demand.
- United States sorghum is raised 300,000 tons to 4.8 million because of
strong sales and shipments in March, especially to Mexico.
- Indonesia corn is down 100,000 tons to 400,000, the lowest in 13
years, because of higher forecast production.
- Philippines corn is doubled to 200,000 tons based on reports of recent
sales and shipments.
- Zimbabwe corn is more than doubled to 900,000 tons, the highest level
in more than a decade, because of brisk imports from South Africa.
- EU sorghum is down 150,000 tons to 75,000, the lowest in 4
years, with slack demand from Spain. Imports under the duty abatement system
are usually completed by April.
- Mexico sorghum is up 200,000 tons to 3.5 million on a surge of sales
and shipments (about 350,000 tons) during March.
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Tuesday, April 11, 2006