COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
Coarse Grain Production Below Use Again, Trade Unchanged: World coarse grain production in 2005/06 is forecast to drop more than 50 million tons from the current year's record, as yields return to more normal levels. However, ending stocks are projected to decline by only 12 million tons due to large carryin stocks and slightly lower consumption. Even so, the stocks-to-use ratio is forecast to drop to 16.8 percent, the second lowest in 29 years. World trade is forecast to remain flat (See PDF version for charts).
Global corn production is forecast at 674 million tons, 34 million less than 2004/05, but still the second highest in history. Consumption is projected to rise slightly to 681 million tons. Robust growth in Brazil and China is mostly offset by drops in the EU-25, Russia, and Ukraine. World corn trade in 2005/06 is expected to be little changed due to stagnant demand in developed countries in East Asia and continued competition from feed quality wheat. U.S. exports are forecast to climb and market share to expand, due to reduced competition from China, Argentina, and Ukraine (see cover).
Global barley trade is projected to increase slightly, with stronger demand from Turkey and Morocco caused by smaller crop prospects. Both Canada and the EU-25 are expected to increase exports by 500,000 tons each. Canada's exports will likely recover in 2005/06 after being constrained by poor quality this year. The EU-25 is expected to benefit from less competition from Russia and Ukraine, because of reduced production.
Global sorghum trade patterns are largely unchanged year to year, led by static demand from Mexico and Japan. Sorghum must compete against huge global supplies of other feed grains.
Global oat trade is expected to be steady, and U.S. imports unchanged. Market share of exports, however, are likely to shift as a near record crop is expected in Canada, and a sharply lower crop is forecast for Sweden and Finland.
Global rye trade is expected to be down from last year, with the EU-25 accounting for the lion's share as intervention stocks are exported. Industrial consumption of rye in the EU-25 will continue to climb as more ethanol plants come on line.
HIGHLIGHTS FOR 2005/06
United States corn exports are forecast up 4.5 million tons to 50 million as a result of diminished competition. U.S. sorghum exports are forecast unchanged at 4.5 million tons due to static demand from the two key importers. U.S. barley exports are forecast down 150,000 tons to 300,000 tons due to a smaller production forecast.
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