WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE :
COMMENTARY AND CURRENT DATA
COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
Brazil Corn Exports Retreat: Brazil burst onto the world corn export
market 4 years ago and has stayed a significant exporter, but a drought-affected
crop this year means that exportable supplies will fall to the lowest level in 5
years. Moreover, its rapidly expanding poultry sector will continue to absorb
most domestic supplies, while production is slow to catch up with the steady
growth in feed demand. Brazil's average yield is only one-third of that of the
United States, and lags well behind those of Argentina and China. Unless
production increases dramatically, i.e., at a faster pace than rising domestic
demand, Brazil's days as a significant exporter may be numbered.
Domestic: February export bids for #2 yellow corn averaged over
$94/MT, down $2 from January (See PDF
version for chart).
February export bids for #2 yellow sorghum (Texas Gulf) averaged nearly
$93/MT, up almost $3 from the previous month and $33 below year-ago prices.
Sorghum's discount to corn of nearly $2 per ton in February was considerably
smaller than that of the previous month.
TRADE CHANGES IN 2004/2005
- United States corn is cut by 1.5 million tons to 46.5 million
because of more competition from Argentina and South Africa.
- Argentina corn is raised by 1.0 million tons to a record 13.5
million because of a record crop and a rapid sales pace.
- Brazil corn is down by 1.0 million tons to 2.0 million, the lowest
in 5 years, as a result of tighter supplies and strong domestic demand.
- Canada corn is cut in half to 150,000 tons (and a similar reduction
is made to United States corn imports) because of weak demand.
- South Africa corn is up by 500,000 tons to 1.5 million, the highest
in 8 years, because of huge exportable supplies.
- Thailand corn is raised by 250,000 tons to 700,000 as weak domestic
demand has allowed strong exports.
- Bulgaria barley is raised by 200,000 tons to 400,000 because of
newly available trade data.
- Canada barley is dropped 200,000 tons to 1.5 million. Exports are
suffering because of malting barley quality issues.
- Russia barley is cut again this month to the lowest level in 5
years (1.0 million tons) because of slow exports. However, Ukraine barley is
raised again this month, this time by 300,000 tons to a record 3.8 million.
- Australia sorghum is up 100,000 tons to 600,000, the highest in 4
years, because of ample exportable supplies and strong early season
- Turkey corn is lowered by 400,000 tons to 500,000, the lowest in 10
years, because of ample supplies of feed quality wheat and lowered demand
from the poultry sector.
- Malaysia corn is raised by 200,000 tons to 2.4 million as feed
demand has recovered faster than expected.
- Mexico corn is down by 300,000 tons to 5.5 million because of a
- EU-25 sorghum is doubled to 200,000 tons because of recent awards
totaling over 150,000 tons of licenses at a reduced duty.
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Last modified: Thursday, November 13, 2003