WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE :
COMMENTARY AND CURRENT DATA
COARSE GRAINS: WORLD MARKETS AND TRADE
Corn: After a temporary lull in July, Argentina's corn sales and
shipments resumed a robust pace in August, and exports are poised to remain
strong through September. Brazil's exports had been unexpectedly high in June,
propelled by substantial shipments to Iran and the EU-25. Together, these two
countries are expected to export 15.5 million tons of corn in 2003/04, an
increase of 700,000 tons from last month. U.S. exports, meanwhile, have lagged
behind expectations and are estimated to ease by half a million tons to 48.5
However, both Argentine and Brazilian exports are expected to slow
significantly in late 2004 and early 2005, as their smaller 2004 crops combined
with frontloaded shipments reduce competition with the United States during the
months preceding their harvests in early 2005.
Domestic: Early September export bids for #2 yellow corn averaged
$103/MT, down $1 from August. Prices have vacillated in recent weeks on
potential frost concerns, but ultimately settled lower based on prospects for a
record crop and less-than-robust new crop sales.
Early September export bids for #2 yellow sorghum (Texas Gulf) averaged over
$103/MT, up over $4 from July but $5 below harvest time prices from September
2003. Sorghum is about even with corn at this time but commanded nearly a $6
premium last September. Seasonal price weakness caused by early harvest and
softening corn prices has been offset to a degree by a pick up in shipments to
Mexico and food aid tenders. (See PDF
version for chart)
TRADE CHANGES IN 2004/2005
- Argentina corn drops by 500,000 tons to 10.0 million as
exports are expected to slow down significantly in the coming months
following heavier-than-expected 2003/04 shipments. Similarly, Brazil corn
is lowered by 200,000 tons to 3.0 million.
- Serbia corn increases by 200,000 tons based on improved crop
- Australia barley is down 200,000 tons to 4.3 million as a result of
increased competition from Ukraine.
- Canada barley is down 200,000 tons to 1.9 million due to a
- Ukraine barley expands by 500,000 tons to 3.3 million based on a
- Russia rye falls nearly 100,000 tons to virtually nothing as a very
small crop will likely turn Russia into a net importer.
- Ukraine rye is up 100,000 tons to 150,000 tons due to higher
- Algeria corn is up 200,000 tons to 1.7 million on the expectation
of higher consumption.
- Russia rye rises to 100,000 tons from 0 with expected imports from
Belarus and Ukraine.
TRADE CHANGES IN 2003/2004
- United States corn falls 500,000 tons to 48.5 million as shipments
continue to lag behind expectations. Argentina corn increases by 500,000
tons to 10.0 million based on robust sales and shipments.
- Brazil corn is up 200,000 tons to 5.5 million due to a strong
shipment pace in recent months.
- Australia barley is up 200,000 tons to 5.0 million based on a
strong shipment pace.
- Russia barley drops by 400,000 tons to 2.6 million as shipments
slowed significantly in recent months.
- Ukraine barley increases by 300,000 tons to 1.6 million due to a
strong pace and aggressive sales.
- Algeria corn increases by 200,000 tons to 1.7 million based on a
strong shipment pace.
- Mexico corn drops by 300,000 tons to 5.8 million because of a weak
- Peru corn is up 200,000 tons to 950,000 based on a strong shipment
- EU corn increases by 200,000 tons to 5.7 million due to strong
shipments from South America in recent months.
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Last modified: Thursday, November 13, 2003