Grain: World Markets and Trade
Foreign Agricultural Service Circular Series
Tightening Supplies Turn Eastern Europe
From Grain Exporter to Importer
With the lowest grain production in almost 40 years, Eastern Europe this
year has turned from a net exporter to a major grain importer. Wheat
exports have fallen dramatically and tight domestic supplies and high prices
prompted the governments of many Eastern European countries to enact
policies to restrict exports. The region has also started to import
wheat with levels expected to reach nearly 6 million tons. Poor
harvests in the EU and the Former Soviet Union - Eastern Europe's
traditional suppliers - have also created opportunities for the United
States, Canada, and even Brazil to make significant sales into the
region. Romania, which harvested its smallest wheat crop on record,
has become a large purchaser of U.S. wheat with sales to date over 500,000
tons. As domestic supplies run out and stocks dry up, the pace of the
region's imports should remain strong before next harvest.
The region's major corn producer, Hungary, harvested its smallest crop in 8 years and exports are concomitantly expected to fall by two-thirds to only 500,000 tons. Most of these exports are going to the EU, leaving other Eastern European countries traditionally reliant on Hungary scrambling to fill their needs. Many have turned to Brazil for corn imports. Barley exports from Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria are expected to drop by more than three-quarters to only 70,000 tons, while imports are forecast to double to nearly 300,000 tons.
Complete Grain Report in PDF: Text and Tables
All Grain Summary Tables: Foreign Countries and US Data
World Markets and Trade: Commentary and Current Data
Wheat Commentary [Text] [Adobe Acrobat Format] Wheat Data Tables [Excel Spreadsheet Format] [Adobe Acrobat Format] Rice Commentary [Text] [Adobe Acrobat Format] Rice Data Tables [Excel Spreadsheet Format] [Adobe Acrobat Format] Coarse Grains Commentary [Text] [Adobe Acrobat Format] Coarse Grains Data Tables Excel Spreadsheet Format] [Adobe Acrobat Format]
Historical Data Tables: Selected Regions and Countries
Notice to readers:
Beginning January 2004, printed versions of the Grain: World Markets and Trade circular are no longer published. The online issue of the circular, which includes Summary Tables, Situation and Outlook reports, and Historical Data Series for Selected Regions and Countries, is available via the FAS Web site (http://www.fas.usda.gov/grain/).
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Data in this report is available in both Adobe Acrobat and Excel spreadsheet formats. You may need to Get the Adobe Acrobat Reader.
Last modified: Thursday, November 13, 2003