April 2000 Edition
Persian Gulf Wheat Imports Soar
U.S. Market Share Climbing
Although Australia Still Dominates
A new player is emerging in global wheat and flour trade. The Gulf States have more than tripled their wheat imports since the early 1990s to nearly 2 million tons this year, with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) accounting for much of this growth. Australia has historically been the region's major supplier, but the U.S. share is expected to increase. Expanding flour exports, rather than rising domestic use, appear to be driving the demand for wheat imports.
New export-oriented flour mills in the UAE, Oman, and Qatar enjoy a freight advantage to nearby major markets like Yemen and Sudan, while also offering flexible shipment schedules that are increasingly important to private importers in Africa, Indonesia, Iran, and Sri Lanka. Those expanding flour shipments come at the expense of the European Union, whose flour licenses have dropped by about a third from the record 6 million tons (in grain equivalent) of just 2 years ago.
All Grain Summary Tables: Foreign Countries and US Data
Foreign Countries' Policies and Programs
Situation and Outlook: Commentary and Current Data
Historical Data Tables: Selected Regions and Countries
General Footnotes for Grain Tables
Grain and Feed Contact List
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