Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Foreign
Agricultural Service (FAS) provides U.S.
agricultural commodities to millions of people
in countries, through direct donations and
U.S. government can provide food assistance through five
program authorities: the Food for Progress Program, the
McGovern–Dole International Food for Education and Child
Nutrition Program, the Food for Peace Act (formerly
referred to as Public Law 480, Titles I, II, and III),
Section 416(b), and the Local and Regional Procurement
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
administers Titles II and III of the Food for Peace Act.
USDA administers the remaining food aid programs. Both
USDA and USAID facilitate the administration of the Bill
Emerson Humanitarian Trust.
Food for Progress (FFP)
program, authorized by the
Food for Progress
Act of 1985, provides for the
donation or credit sale of U.S. commodities to
developing countries and emerging democracies
committed to introducing and expanding free
enterprise in the agricultural sector. In most
cases, commodities are monetized to support
agricultural projects that increase rural incomes
and enhance food security by improving agricultural
productivity, supporting agribusiness development,
and expanding availability of financial services.
International Food for Education and Child Nutrition
(Mc-Govern-Dole) Program helps
support education, child development, and food
security for some of the world’s poorest children.
It provides for donations of U.S. agricultural
products, as well as financial and technical
assistance, for school feeding and maternal and
child nutrition projects in low-income, food-deficit
countries that are committed to universal education.
Currently, both USDA and USAID have authority to
purchase local and regional food aid. The
Local and Regional
was authorized as a pilot program under the
and Energy Act of 2008
(Farm Bill). The Farm Bill directs the Secretary of
Agriculture to implement a five-year local and
regional purchase pilot program in developing
countries from fiscal year (FY) 2009 through 2012.
Food for Peace Act
(FPA)was formerly referred to
as Public Law 480 or P.L. 480. FPA has three titles,
and each title has a specific objective and provides
assistance to countries at a particular level of
economic development. Title I is administered by
USDA, and Titles II and III are administered by
Title I, Trade and Development Assistance, provides
for government-to-government sales of U.S.
agricultural commodities to developing countries on
credit or grant terms.
program is authorized by the
Agricultural Act of
1949, as amended. This program
provides for overseas donations of surplus
commodities acquired by the Commodity Credit
Corporation (CCC). Donations may not reduce the
amounts of commodities that are traditionally
donated to U.S. domestic feeding programs or
agencies, and may not disrupt normal commercial
is another resource to ensure that the U.S.
government can respond to emergency food aid needs.
The Trust is not a food aid program, but a food
reserve administered under the authority of the
Secretary of Agriculture.
Reports to Congress
Information for Program Participants