|A GUIDE TO EXPORTING
SOLID WOOD PRODUCTS:
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Appendix I: Key publications on exporting
Keeping up to date on foreign and domestic economic developments and trends is essential to marketing wood products overseas. A variety of major U.S. and foreign daily and weekly newspapers and magazines provide information on economic conditions and trends. Listed below is a small sample of the types of publications available from private and Government sources.
The following publications are available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, Tel. (202) 512-1800:
1. Background NotesProvides a survey of a nation's people, geography, economy, government, foreign policy, trade information (imports and exports), official exchange rates, major trading partners, and the nation's membership in international organizations.
2. Key Officers of Foreign Service PostsPocket-sized reference of key contacts in U.S. embassies and consulates around the world.
3. Business America MagazineProvides information on overseas business opportunities, country profile summaries, and other useful articles on foreign trade, international business, and economics.
The following publications are available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161, Tel. (703) 487-4650:
4. The World FactbookProduced annually by the Directorate of Intelligence of the Central Intelligence Agency. It provides statistical information on foreign countries including population, land area, nationalities, religion, languages, labor force, government, government leaders, political parties, GNP, major industries, imports, exports, and exchange rates.
5. Food and Agricultural Export Directory lists export services and key contacts in the export business.
The following publications are available from AF&PA, 1111 19th St., NW, Suite 800, Washington, DC 20036, Tel. (202) 463-2700, Fax. 463-2785:
6. International Trade ReportA bimonthly newsletter of the American Forest and Paper Association (AF&PA) on foreign market opportunities and worldwide issues and developments affecting U.S. wood products trade. Included are foreign market reviews, updates on U.S. trade policy initiatives, summaries of pending U.S. legislation affecting trade, references outlining export-related publications and information, and a listing of upcoming meetings, seminars, and foreign wood products trade shows.
7. Trends in Trade: The United States in World MarketsProvides U.S. wood products trade data and information on U.S. wood consumption and world wood trade. A bibliography and glossary are also provided.
8. FAS Commodity Circulars are reports on production, trade, and other specialized export information for major commodity groups, including wood products, issued at regular intervals during the year. You can see the most recent ones on the FAS website at /commodity.html
9. AgExporterMagazine issued monthly by FAS which features articles and news items on market opportunities for U.S. agricultural products in foreign markets. Topics covered regularly include overseas markets and buying trends, new competitors and products, trade policy developments, and overseas promotional activities. It is available by subscription from AgExport Connections, Ag Box 1052, AGX/FAS/USDA, Washington, DC 20250-1052, Tel. (202) 720-7103, Fax. 690-4374. It is also available free on the web at /info/agexporter/agexport.html
10. Hardwood Market ReportWeekly reports on U.S. domestic hardwood lumber prices. Contact: Hardwood Market Report, P.O. Box 241325, 755 Crossover Ln., Suite 228, Memphis, TN 38124-1325, Tel. (901) 767-9126, Fax. (901) 767-7534
11. Weekly Hardwood ReviewWeekly reports on the U.S. hardwood situation. Contact: Weekly Hardwood Review, P.O. Box 471307, Charlotte, NC 28247-1307, Tel. (704) 543-4408
12. Random Lengths Export Market ReportA biweekly report on world markets for forest products. Included are recent trends in U.S. wood products trade in major markets, price reports for selected products, and other domestic and foreign market information. Contact: Random Lengths Publications, Inc., P.O. Box 867, Eugene, OR 97440-0867, Tel. (503) 686-9925.
13. Wood TechnologyMagazine issued 9 times a year by Miller Freeman, Inc. It includes articles on wood products industries and trade for all major wood markets and producing regions of the world. Contact: Miller Freeman, Inc., 600 Harrison St., San Francisco, CA 94107, Tel. (415) 905-2200; Fax. (415) 905-2630.
14. Ocean Liner Cargo Service DirectoryA reference of available ocean liner cargo services. It is free from the Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, Tel. (202) 690-1304
15. Foreign Commerce Handbook, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230, (202) 463-5460, http://www.uschamber.com/International/Publications
16. Uniform Customs and Practices for Documentary Credits, United States Council of the International Chamber of Commerce, 1212 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036.
17. 2000 Export Programs Guide: A Business Guide to Federal Export Assistance, available over the Internet at: http://www.tradeinfo.doc.gov (Export Programs Guide). This publication is also free of charge in hard copy version from the Department of Commerce by calling 1-800-USA-TRADE.
SAMPLES OF SHIPPER'S EXPORT DECLARATION AND APHIS
Shippers Export Declaration
FOREST PRODUCTS VOLUME CONVERSION UNITS
In North America, the most common way to describe a volume of round wood is in terms of units of 1,000 board feet. The term "mbf" (Thousand board feet) is best understood as a volume of lumber, not round wood. Historically, however, there was a desire to measure a volume of round wood in terms of the volume of lumber which could be sawn from the round wood. This resulted in the development of the unit of 1,000 bf for logs, which actually defines the amount of round wood which would produce, after all sawing operations, 1,000 bf of lumber. This approach required estimation of the yield of sawing operations. Naturally, such estimates are difficult and never very accurate. Consequently, there exist many log rules which claim to define the amount of round wood which would give 1,000 bf of lumber. Comparisons of actual cubic content of logs defined by these various log rules indicate that there are differences which depend on the assumptions made at the time the rules were proposed. Of the many log rules several which are considered more important are the International 1/4", Scribner, and Doyle Log Rules.
A conversion program is available on the web at: http://search2.forestworld.com/converx/cu_frame.html