Exports of Dairy Products from the United States
Bureau of the Census data for the first 9 months of 1999 show that the pace of U.S. dairy product exports is running slightly below that of 1998. For January-September 1999, the total value of dairy exports is $631 million compared to $661 million in the same period of 1998. On a product basis, most of the decline is due to fluctuations within the Dairy Export Incentive Program (DEIP).
Butter, anhydrous milkfat, and whole milk powder (WMP) were boosted by DEIP in 1998 but much less so in 1999 with the result exports of these three products are running well below the 1998 pace. Exports of nonfat dry milk (NDM) are up due to the faster pace of DEIP awards but the value figure is only moderately ahead of 1998 which also had active DEIP exports in the January-September period.
Outside DEIP, exports of fresh milk and cream are down due to changes in Mexico, the principal market. Exports of condensed and evaporated milk are also smaller, again due to Mexico. Cheese exports are essentially unchanged on a quantity basis while value is up $10 million.
Dry whey exports are up sharply on a quantity basis but are up only marginally in terms of value. For the entire whey complex, value is up about 2 percent.
Exports of ice cream and yoghurt are little changed from last years pace. Even the , other dairy products category (mostly dairy based food products) only shows moderate value growth.