On July 21, 2014, the Russian President signed the new Federal Law No. 2016-FZ “On Plant Quarantine”. This Federal Law will replace the previous Federal Law “On Plant Quarantine” and many other related legislative documents. The law will regulate the phytosanitary situation on the territory of the Russian Federation and issues of phytosanitary and quarantine control of products imported to the Russian Federation and exported from Russia. The Federal Law No. 206-FZ comes to force on January 1, 2015, if another period is not defined by provisions of this Federal Law.