Although Ecuador maintains a number of anti-biotech laws and regulations, there is minimal enforcement, and trade in cotton and soybean products continues. Ecuador’s Ministry of Agriculture is expected to send the National Assembly a new draft of a Bill of Agri-Biodiversity. However, there is no specific timeline for this. Ecuador needs to strengthen its institutional capacities to establish and enforce regulations based on science and international standards. On the positive side, in recent years, Ecuadorian public and private research institutions have increased their activities related to agricultural biotechnology.