World cotton production for 1999/00 is projected at 89.2 million bales, 4.9 million higher than the 84.4 million estimated for 1998/99. Estimated production in the United States is increased as area is higher and yield potential is improved due to favorable weather in Texas and California during planting and the early crop development stage. Production in China is estimated lower due to the expected impact of reduced returns from cotton. Input costs and the risk associated with cotton production are higher than for competing crops. The production outlook in the other major cotton producing countries is mixed. Production in India is estimated down as lower cotton prices during 1998/99 vis-a-vis those of competing crops like rice, tobacco, chillies, and coarse grains resulted in a decrease in cotton area. In Uzbekistan, production is forecast up as favorable weather patterns during the early months of the growing season appear to have offset late planting.